The Framework for carbon neutral buildings and sites of the DGNB makes a significant contribution to making the decarbonisation of the building stock practically feasible by 2050. The current version of August 2020 is based on an initial version published in 2018. Its methodology has been evaluated in numerous projects. This version in english serves as a basis for an international application.
In the framework, the DGNB has compiled its definition of carbon neutrality and the corresponding explanations of procedures and strategies. The aim of the document is to create clarity on the market and to educate all actors involved in the planning, construction, operation and management of real estate with regard to effective optimisation approaches for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Specifically, the framework describes comprehensive, practically applicable rules for accounting the CO2 emissions of buildings and sites. Based on the definitions formulated there for carbon neutrality in the operation and construction of buildings, the framework provides the basis for developing building-specific climate action strategies. The basis for this is provided by individual Climate Action Roadmaps, as presented in the framework. In six steps, it is shown how each building obtains its specific action plan to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 at the latest in the most economical way.
The framework also provides support for the concrete implementation and evaluation of the measures derived from the strategy and defines the framework for corresponding CO2 reporting.
The framework presents the following four basic elements of a climate action strategy in detail:
The CO2 account for real estate as well as the associated policy allows a precise evaluation of the current greenhouse gas emissions of buildings based on the measured consumption data. In this way it provides the foundation for determining actual action requirements on the path to carbon neutrality. A solid decision foundation is required in order to minimise the risk of investing into stranding assets. This means that CO2 accounting must be sufficiently meaningful in order to depict the actual greenhouse gas emissions as fully as possible.
Accounting of greenhouse gas emissions for the accounting scope 'Operation and Construction'
Sections from part 1 of the framework:
Climate action and the associated investments must be planned in a focused manner. Only those who define clear objectives for their buildings, sustain these and implement measures in a future-orientated manner can optimally combine climate action and economic viability. It is important here that this is carried out for each building individually. This is the only way in which valid measurement plans can be developed which are designed with a focus on the specific conditions.
Principle illustration of a Climate Action Roadmap with individual decarbonisation path
Sections of part 2 of the framework:
Many stakeholder groups of actors are interested in the key figures relating to building CO2 emissions: Building owners, planners, managers, investors, financial experts, political decision-makers as well as clients, employees and residents. The information which flows into rental and purchasing decisions acts as evidence to financial backers or proves the effectiveness of the climate action measures implemented. A structured format for the transparent, regular communication of this key metric forms a climate action passport.
Sections of part 3 of the framework:
It is necessary to verify a site independently in order to reliably check whether the implemented climate action measures are actually effective and the set goals have been met. There are different external quality assurance methods available depending on whether the optimisation measures in the operation of a building concern an entirely new construction or a comprehensive renovation. The award associated with this together with a certificate create transparency and strengthen the credibility.
Sections of part 4 of the framework:
The DGNB System can be understood as an incentive to apply the framework and put climate action into practice. The various forms of DGNB Certification offer different starting points and motivations for dealing with climate action requirements. These include, for example, the planning and execution of new buildings or renovations with low CO2 emissions from construction or carbon neutral building operation.
Particularly in the DGNB System for Buildings in Use, which was fundamentally revised in 2020, the climate action requirements are closely coordinated with the framework. For example, the regular monitoring and reduction of CO2 emissions as well as the creation and application of individual climate action roadmaps, as specified in the framework, are addressed. Buildings that are demonstrably operated in a carbon neutral manner based on their real consumption data can receive the DGNB Climate Positive award.
In parallel to this new version of the Framework, the DGNB has also published 'Climate positive: now! How every building can make a contribution to climate action'. This shows more detailed backgrounds as to why the building and real estate sector play a central role in climate action and why a paradigm shift is needed in handling our buildings. Moreover, focus areas are mentioned which have a significant influence on making buildings carbon neutral.
Dr. Anna Braune
Director Research and Development
Phone: +49 711 722322-67
a.braune at dgnb.de